Walter Murch Editing Tips


  • What you want the movie to make people feel


  • Do you understand what’s going on with the character’s, plot, etc.


  • Is the cut happening at the right point in a musical sense


  • Where the audience’s eye is at any point

2D Plane Of Screen (180 Rule)

  • 3D world represented in 2D

3D Continuity of Space

  • Where are the people being represented

Career Exploration

Creative Commons image Dictionary – career by Flazingo Photos at Flickr

Director of Photography

What is a DoP, or Director of Photography?

  • Creates the visual identity, or look, of the film
  • Works with the Director, camera crew and lighting department
  • Manages all aspects of filming: from ordering and overseeing to recces to reviewing footage

What does a DoP do?

  • Must discover photographic heart of the screenplay
  • Create the desired look using lighting, framing, camera movement, etc.
  • Works with Director to discuss visual style of film
  • Prepare lists of all camera equipment needed
  • On each day of the principal photography they come early with camera crews on set to prepare the equipment
  • During rehearsals Director and DoP block the shots and discuss special camera movements or lighting with crew

What skills are needed?

  • Have good technical knowledge of photo-chemical and digital processes
  • Know about camera equipment
  • Know about lighting techniques and how to achieve them
  • Make decisions quickly
  • Be flexible
  • Be creative
  • Have artistic vision
  • Be detail oriented
  • Be able to give and accept direction
  • Have good communication skills

Are there any qualifications needed?

  • Take a degree in stills photography for knowledge on understanding of composition
  • Drama, art or film degree is good place to start

Where do I start?

  • Start your career in a junior capacity, like as 2nd Assistant Camera to progress through the camera department
  • Go through either camera or lighting department
  • Work on a camera crew to fully learn the on-set hierarchy and traditions of working

More information at:



Listen Smart – Safely Handling the Power of Sound

Creative Commons image Sound by azega at Flickr

Can You Hear This?

Listen Smart – Safely Handling the Power of Sound


  • “sound is the soul of life”
  • listen to it so that it enriches you but doesn’t hurt you
  • above 90 decibels: after 8 hours there is the risk of hearing damage
  • 100 dB: damage after 2 hours
  • rock concert: 110 to 150 dB
  • long term exposure to loud things can really damage your hearing
  • hearing loss doesn’t just effect old people
  • hearing loss can happen in 30 sec or over years
  • irreversible
  • don’t get any hearing cells after they are lost
  • “temporary threshold shift”
  • exposure to intense sound for a short period time can cause damage
  • “ringing in the ears” = sign of losing hearing
  • ringing in your ears can become permanent (for most its temporary)
  • prevention = best option
  • ear plugs = don’t change quality of sound, just how you hear it
  • stay away from direct source ; earbuds, speakers, loud music in car, etc
  • avoid stimulants ; alcohol, etc
  • jet plane at 100ft = 140 dB
  • pain starts to occur at 125 dB
  • between 10% and 20% of high school age students have some hearing loss
  • in the u.s. one out of 12 30-year olds is already hearing impaired
  • more than a third of all hearing loss is attributed noise
  • 28 million americans are hearing impaired and an estimated 500 million experience hearing loss worldwide

3M™ Hearing Conservation Worker Training Video


  • sound is measured in decibels
  • 30 dB = quiet whisper
  • 80 dB = vacuum cleaner
  • 112 dB = power saw
  • 70 dB = no risk of damage
  • 85 dB = hearing is at risk after 8 hrs of exposure
  • 91 dB = hearing is at risk after 2 hrs of exposure
  • 100 dB = hearing is at serious risk after 15 mins
  • 115 dB = damage can occur within one min
  • 140 dB = immediate hearing damage/pain possible
  • also comes with hearing damage:
    • tinnitus = ringing of ears
    • muffled hearing
  • examples of consequences
    • stress
    • fatigue
    • tension
    • irritability
    • anger
    • negativity
    • depression
    • withdrawl
    • high blood pressure
  • steps to help reduce to risk
    • measure the noise
    • control the noise
    • check hearing regularly (monitor worker hearing)
    • wear hearing protection regularly
    • report problems to your supervisor
  • measure workplace noise
  • level may very by:
    • area
    • job function
    • machine or tool being used
    • production schedule
  • steps to reduce the risk
    • reduce noise levels at source
    • use quieter equipment or procedures
    • block the sound path
    • use noise controls as designed
  • a hearing check can detect a problem even before you do For Audio Career Tips


  • Concert Halls and Theaters
    • exposed to high levels of noise . on stage, off stage, in a pit, etc
    • length of exposure is as important as sound level
    • some instruments, like brass, cause damage to those around them
    • others, like piccolo, cause damage to self because its so close to the ear
    • control, reduce and monitor exposure to noise
    • use risers to make sure sound goes over head
    • use drapes, screens and floor coverings

Chart of Sound in the Environment

Image from

Me as a Movie

Dead Poet’s Society is a fantastic film, and if I were a movie this one best describes me.







The reason I relate to this movie is not as much the characters in the movie, but instead what the movie represents. Dead Poet’s Society is a film full of passion. Passion for poetry and school, passion for what makes us happy (like acting) and passion for other people, whether it’s a friend, a teacher, a family member or a significant other. I also have lots of passion in my life. I have a large passion for soccer, as I have played it almost all of my life. I also have a passion for stories, whether it’s a book, a film or just a story someone has told.







Another reason I relate to this movie is because of the camaraderie present between the boys at the school. They are all very tight-knit and trust each other with all that they have. That is what it feels like to be apart of a team, where everyone is trusting in each others abilities.